Hernia Ultrasound Scan

Hernia Ultrasound Scan

A hernia in simple terms is a hole where something protrudes through. A hernia is most commonly found between the diaphragm and the symphysis pubis and in the inguinal canals.  Hernias are not painful unless they strangulate but feel uncomfortable.

What is the purpose of this scan?

The hernia ultrasound scan will evaluate the suspected are:

  • Epigastric region
  • Umbilical region
  • General groin region
  • Inguinal canal
  • The area in the abdomen where the suspected hernia is.

Reasons for having a hernia scan include:

  • Lump in the abdomen or groin
  • Heavy feeling in the groin or abdomen
  • Pain and swelling in the scrotum ( inguinoscrotal hernia)
  • Discomfort with bowel movement or during urination
  • Discomfort when lifting or moving  heavy items
  • Discomfort towards the end of the day, especially if you have been active


What is included with this scan?

  • Ultrasound report and if needed, a follow-up recommendation.



No preparation is necessary for this scan.


What should I expect during the ultrasound scan?

Before the scan, our sonographer will explain the examination procedure. You will be asked to lie on the examination couch and expose the area of the suspected hernia. A small amount of gel will be applied on the area and the probe will be moved in different direction to obtain the images. You may also be asked to do whats called Valsalva to increase abdominal presure so that the hernia can pop out.
During and after the examination our sonographer will explain the findings and an ultrasound report will be issued to take away with you.


About Hernias

Many people have abdominal hernias. As much as 10% of the population develop some type of a hernia during life. More than a half million hernia operations are performed  each year.

It is normally the intestine or fat around the intestine that protrudes through the hole and causes the lump that can be seen and felt. This lump normally pops out when abdominal pressure increases i.e when you cough or lift something heavy. In most cases the lump can be pushed in by gentling massaging it.

Many people can happily live with a hernia. Sometimes, however hernias might become larger and cause a medical emergency as tissue becomes trapped in the outpouching, loses its blood supply and dies.

Types of herniae

Hernias usually occur in areas where the abdominal wall is weakened or thinner, either because the location is already weaker or is made weaker due to a previous intervention such as a surgical procedure. This weakness could be there since birth but may not cause problems until later in life.

Inguinal hernias occur in the groin at the top of your inner thigh. It is the most common found hernia accounting for approximately 75% of all hernias.  This kind of hernia presents itself with bulging at the groin and sometimes burning, aching sensation in the groin, and maybe a heaviness that may get worst toward the end of the day and after prolonged activity.
Femoral hernias also occur when fatty tissue or a part of your bowel pokes through into your groin at the top of your inner thigh. They are much less common than inguinal hernias and tend to affect more women than men.
Umbilical hernias are found at the umbilical area (belly button).
Incisional hernias – these occur when tissue is coming through through a surgical wound in your abdomen that has not fully healed.
Epigastric hernias – occur at the upper abdomen below the xiphisternum (breast bone).
Spigelian hernias  these occur when part of your bowel passes through your abdomen at the side of your abdominal muscle.

What Causes a Hernia?

There are multiple reasons why hernias occur but the most common ones are:

  • Aging
  • Injury – accidental or surgical creating weakness in the area.
  • Genetics- Family history
  • Premature birth
  • Previous hernia – if you had a hernia on one side, you might end up with a hernia on the other side

Some conditions may increase the pressure against the abdominal cavity and cause a muscle to tear and a hernia to form or make a hernia worse:

  • Pregnancy
  • Lifting heavy objects
  • Strenuous physical activity and exercise
  • Coughing or Sneezing
  • Obesity
  • Straining during a bowel movement or urination
  • Ascites – Fluid in the abdominal cavity

What are the limitations of the hernia Ultrasound Imaging?

Sometimes small hernias might be difficult to visualise. Diagnostic confidenec increases with high resolution ultrasound equipment.

The examination is also operator dependent. At IUS we have vast experience in examination and identification of herniae.


Looking for a hernia ultrasound scan in London?

IUS London specialises in diagnostic private ultrasound scans to provide you with quick diagnosis and the much-needed reassurance about your health, within a convenient location.

The cost of a private ultrasound scan shouldn’t be prohibited when it comes to someone’s well-being. This is why our prices are competitive and affordable with no compromise to the level of care. The price you see is the price you pay with no hidden extras.

We have hundreds of happy clients including GP’s, consultants, radiologists, and midwives to name a few. Some of our clients choose us when large, well-established ultrasound scanning companies failed them in diagnostic accuracy and especially aftercare.

We offer ultrasound scan appointments via our online booking system or over the phone.