Abdomen and Pelvis Ultrasound Scan

 Abdomen and Pelvis Ultrasound Scan

The abdominal and pelvic ultrasound scan is a combination of three ultrasound scans: the abdominal, the pelvic/gynaecology  and the urinary ultrasound scan. This ultrasound examination will examine all the abdominal organs visible on ultrasound scanning.

What is the purpose of this scan?

This ultrasound scan includes evaluation of:

  • Liver
  • Pancreas
  • Gallbladder
  • Spleen
  • Kidneys
  • Bladder
  • Your uterus
  • The lining of the uterus (endometrium)
  • Ovaries
  • Adjacent pelvic structures

 

Reasons for having an abdominal and pelvic ultrasound scan include:

  • Generalised abdominal discomfort and pain
  • Abdominal bloating
  • Follow up on previous findings such as cysts, gallstones, polyps, kidney stones
  • Abnormal Blood Tests
  • Tumours & Cancers
  • Anaemia
  • Yellow Skin (Jaundice)
  • Inflammation
  • Polyps
  • Cysts
  • Pain in the loins
  • Blood in the urine
  • Detect ascites
  • High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)
  • Pelvic pain
  • Endometriosis
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease

 

Preparation for this scan?

For this ultrasound scan you are required to fast for at least 4 hours (if you are diabetic you may have a sugary supplement if needed). Clear fluids, for example water are allowed.We will also need your bladder full, so please drink 1 pint of water one hour before your scan. On occasions, a transvaginal scan might be required in order to further evaluate the pelvic organs.

 

What should I expect?

Before the ultrasound scan, our sonographer will explain the examination procedure.

A small amount of water-based gel will be applied to your skin. The gel will help the transducer to make good contact with the skin. The ultrasound transducer will be placed on the body and will be moved in different directions over the area of interest to obtain the required information/ultrasound images.

There is usually no discomfort from pressure as the transducer or probe as otherwise known,  is pressed against the area being examined. However, if scanning is performed over an area of tenderness, you may feel pressure or minor discomfort from the transducer.

Once the ultrasound imaging is completed, the clear ultrasound gel will be wiped off your skin. Any portions that are not wiped off will dry quickly. The ultrasound gel does not usually stain or discolor clothing.